Sugar-sweetened beverages consumption in relation to hypertension among Iranian university students: the MEPHASOUS study

Mansouri, Masoume and Sharifi, Farshad Sugar-sweetened beverages consumption in relation to hypertension among Iranian university students: the MEPHASOUS study. Eat Weight Disord ..

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10.1007_s40519-019-00713-9.ris

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Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to assess the link between sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) consumption and hypertension among a large population in the Middle East. Methods: In this cross-sectional study (a part of Mental and Physical Health Assessment of University Student: MEPHASOUS study), 66,634 university students from all provinces of Iran, aged ≥ 18 years, were included. A self-administered dietary habits questionnaire was used to assess SSBs consumption as well as other dietary intakes. Participants were categorized based on three levels of SSB consumption: < 1 time/wk, 1-3 times/wk, and ≤ 3 times/wk. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) of ≥ 140 and diastolic blood pressure of ≥ 90. Results: Compared with those in the bottom category, students in the top category of SSBs consumption were more likely to have hypertension (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.54-1.90). This association remained significant even after adjusting for confounding variables; such that participants in the highest category of SSBs consumption had 2.17 times greater odds of hypertension compared with those in the lowest category (OR 2.17, 95% CI 1.91-2.47). Stratified analysis based on gender and BMI status revealed such significant association in men (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.79-2.50) and women (OR 2.03, 95% CI 1.67-2.48), and in all categories of BMI including students with underweight (OR 2.53, 95% CI 1.81-3.52), normal-weight (OR 2.13, 95% CI 1.81-2.51), overweight (OR 2.14, 95% CI 1.58-2.89) and obesity (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.00-2.53). Conclusion: Our results support previous findings indicating a significant positive association between SSBs consumption and hypertension. Level of evidence: Level III, cross-sectional analytic studies. Keywords: Diet; Hypertension; Students; Sugar-sweetened beverages.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Nutrition
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email webgerash@gmail.com
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2020 05:59
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2020 06:03
URI: http://eprints.gerums.ac.ir/id/eprint/58

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