Dairy consumption in relation to primary headaches among a large population of university students: The MEPHASOUS study

Mansouri, Masoume and Sharifi, Farshad and Varmaghani, Mehdi Dairy consumption in relation to primary headaches among a large population of university students: The MEPHASOUS study. Complementary Therapies in Medicine.

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Abstract

Aim To investigate the association between dairy consumption and primary headaches among a large population of university students. Methods Totally, 83,622 university students aged 18 years or older were included in the current cross-sectional study. Dietary intakes were assessed using a validated self-administered dietary habits questionnaire. Primary headaches were determined according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders-3 (ICHD-3) criteria. Results Totally, 9 % of participants suffered from primary headaches. A significant inverse association was observed between dairy consumption and odds of primary headaches (OR: 0.67, 95 % CI: 0.60-0.74). Such inverse association remained significant when potential confounders including demographic variables, physical activity, dietary factors, and BMI were taken into account; such that individuals in the highest category of dairy consumption were 19 % less likely to have primary headaches compared with those in the lowest category (OR: 0.81, 95 % CI: 0.72-0.92). Such an inverse association was also observed in women (OR: 0.79, 95 % CI: 0.68-0.93), but not in men. Stratified analysis based on body mass index revealed a significant inverse association between dairy consumption and primary headaches either in normal-weight individuals or those with overweight or obesity. Conclusion We found that dairy consumption was inversely associated with primary headaches among university students.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Nutrition
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email webgerash@gmail.com
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2020 08:09
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2020 08:09
URI: http://eprints.gerums.ac.ir/id/eprint/61

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